Here are points to follow that should mean an infection free computer.
NUMBER 1 – Update
- Check for updates for your operating system on a regular basis
- Turn on Automatic Updates on Windows and apply all critical updates immediately
- Microsoft issue updates throughout the month so check once a month – you can find Windows update in the control panel for pre-Windows 10 computers or in settings on Windows 10 or Windows 11
- Windows 10 and 11 will ensure that updates are done – updates not working, you may be infected
NUMBER 2 – Software
- Update your software – run modern versions such as Office 365
- Remove ” old software”
NUMBER 3 – Email
- Viruses and Malware will more often than not come from someone you know.
- Don’t open email attachments unless you know that the person sending it to you , really sent it. Email attachments are the number one way that viruses and malware can get onto your computer
- Beware of zip files – do not open them unless you are 100% certain they have been sent from a known reliable source
- Don’t click links in e-mails.
- You could be taken to a phishing site and this may lead you to install malicious software. You should copy and paste the link into your browser or type the link into your browser.
- Switch to a web based e-mail program such as Gmail / Outlook.com which will scan your emails before they arrive on your computer.
- Gmail is probably the best solution on grabbing spam if you are having spam issues with your current email provider
NUMBER 4 – Browsing The Internet
- You should browse the Internet with the latest editions of browsers Google Chrome , Edge , Firefox ,
- Check that the updates for these browsers are being installed and learn how to check that you have the latest editions
- Turn off notifications in your browsers
NUMBER 5 – Ads On Websites
- Block ads when browsing the internet – if you can
- Install Adblock from the Google Chrome store
NUMBER 6 – Downloading Files
- You should only download files from places you know are absolutely safe.
- The use of file sharing software often means you will download Malware and Trojans without knowing.
- If you download files you should quarantine them in a folder and then scan them a few days later with an updated antivirus software.
- Beware of downloading ” Free ” software as most sites that host ” free ” software are a hotbed for malware infections
NUMBER 7 – The Antivirus
- Have an antivirus solution, the FREE one I recommend is Defender for Windows 10 and 11
- However Norton , Trend are just fine to use
Number 8 – Behaviour
- Look at what you are doing and when in doubt – think before you click
- Remember if you get infected it really is your fault.